Willowcreek Voice

Willowcreek Voice

Third-Wave Feminism

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This article discusses Feminism in the United States and the statistics and evidence all comes from the United States.

First Wave Feminism is where Feminism came from. Women fighting for their right to vote which is also known as Women’s Suffrage. This movement made progress in gender equality and was an essential cause. Second Wave Feminism started in the 60’s and continued for a few decades. Second Wave Feminism fought for equal pay and just being treated equal in general. Second Wave Feminism made amazing progress and eradicated almost all sexism left in our government, laws, and workplace. Today, we have Third Wave Feminism. Third Wave Feminism has become a movement that has moved away from the original values of feminists and has become built on false claims, lies, and incorrect statistics. Feminism is based upon the fact that Women=Men, yet it has become Women>Men.

Third Wave Feminism is using one of the biggest false claims in gender equality history. One of the main false claims is the gender wage gap. Most famously stated by Obama in the 2014 State of the Union Address, “Women still make 77 cents for every dollar a man earns.” This came from a study done by the United States Census Bureau. While the facts say that on average, women only make 77 cents for every dollar a man makes, it does not correctly represent everyone.  If you take all the salaries of all women in a certain occupation and take the salary that is in the exact middle of all the other salaries you get the median average which is what they used. You can do the same for men. Yet, comparing these two averages and saying that it is sexism because the average for Women is lower for Men is preposterous. So many factors are missing, such as years of experience in the workplace, what kind of training they have, and what kind of job it is they specifically do. For example, there are much more men in high ranking business jobs and much more women in education. High ranking business jobs pay more than a school teacher and so it is outrageous to say that this is sexism. It is simply just how different jobs are payed. Hanna Rosin, the author of “The End of Men” wrote “The official Bureau of Labor Department statistics show that the median earnings of full-time female workers is 77 percent of the median earnings of full-time male workers. But that is very different than “77 cents on the dollar for doing the same work as men.” The latter gives the impression that a man and a woman standing next to each other doing the same job for the same number of hours get paid different salaries. That’s not at all the case. “Full time” officially means 35 hours, but men work more hours than women. That’s the first problem: We could be comparing men working 40 hours to women working 35.” In other words, we need to take in all factors in these statistics. In a paper written by two economist professors at Stanford called “The Gender Wage Gap” they claim that a gender wage gap exists. Yet they explain this in justifiable ways. They show how even the most specific studies have so many factors missing. They explain to really explain this gap we would have to take in every detail about every man and woman’s job in the entire United States which is virtually impossible. With so many factors missing they say that while the average studies show there is a wage gap, it is mostly an ideology that women are still being oppressed today. Yet another explanation for this statistic is negotiation for more pay. According to a study done by Carnegie Mellon, Studies are finding that 83% of Men will negotiate for higher pay compared to only 58% of women.

The other factor about the wage gap is when it is a private job. Such as actors, singers, and jobs where you cannot generalize the pay for the job because each one is very different. Many feminists will claim that in this industry, women are underpaid next to their coworkers. The only problem is, being paid in the entertainment industry is solely based on the opinion of the Employer. If two major parts are being played, one by a man and one by a woman, if the employer decides that the male part is more important in the aspect of that movie or show or that specific person will draw more of an audience than they will choose to pay them more. The women is payed less than the man solely because in the employers opinion, the man deserves more. Feminists will call this sexism even though it is just case specific. Many times it will be the other way around and the employer believes the woman deserves more and she is payed more. No feminists are saying anything about these situations and that makes sense. The ideology that women are being oppressed is making it so that they take specific cases of women being paid less and ignore any other facts and generalize this situation and say that it is happening across the country and that we need to do something about it.  

Third Wave Feminism claims women are being oppressed by using case specific examples. Third Wave Feminism ignores all evidence of their being sexism agaisnt men and most feminists will claim that men are not being oppressed in any way even though there are literally laws that treat men unfairly. A few examples of this are…

  • Prison Sentences- Statistically, men are taking much larger prison sentences than women for the same crime. This can usually be justified by the severity of the crime or the criminal record before the event. Sonja Starr, a student in Michigan Law, studied and discussed this problem. She takes in all of the factors of different crimes and the severity and yet finds that it still doesn’t make up for the extreme difference in prison sentences. Her studies seem to show that many judges have a sympathetic mindset when convicting women. In her paper she writes, “This paper assesses gender disparities in federal criminal cases. It finds large gender gaps favoring women throughout the sentence length distribution (averaging over 60%), conditional on arrest offense, criminal history, and other pre-charge observables. Female arrestees are also significantly likelier to avoid charges and convictions entirely, and twice as likely to avoid incarceration if convicted. Prior studies have reported much smaller sentence gaps because they have ignored the role of charging, plea-bargaining, and sentencing fact-finding in producing sentences. Most studies control for endogenous severity measures that result from these earlier discretionary processes and use samples that have been winnowed by them. I avoid these problems by using a linked dataset tracing cases from arrest through sentencing. Using decomposition methods, I show that most sentence disparity arises from decisions at the earlier stages, and use the rich data to investigate causal theories for these gender gaps.” In other words, she takes all factors into account and looks at all of the data instead of ignoring evidence to get to the conclusion she wants to see. With this mindset, she finds an unexplainable gap between the prison sentences for men and women.
  • Military Draft- When a man turns 18 years old they have to file to participate in the military draft if the United States ever goes to war. Women, however, do not have to. When the Military Draft was created, it was made to gather soldiers in a time of need. At the time, only men could join the military which was sexism but we have eradicated this with first and second wave feminism. Now that women can join the military, it seems that there is no reason for them not to be forced to join the military draft. Many will claim that there needs to be someone to take care of children when the man is drafted and that the majority of women are not strong enough. Yet these same problems have been fixed for men and we can fix them for women.  First of all, before a man is drafted they make sure there is still a primary caretaker for the children in the household. They would do the same for Women. If there was still a father that had not been drafted then he would stay and take care while the women went out and fought for her country. Second, many claim that women are not strong enough. While for the most part, women are not as physically capable as men. Yet there are men that aren’t physically capable enough to be a soldier either. For these people, they either train them until they are capable or give them jobs that don’t require physical strength like cooks, maids, nurses, and many other jobs that can help attend to the soldiers. Gender equality doesn’t mean that women get to choose which responsibilities of being a United States Citizen they are going to do.

 

The solution to the whole feminism problem is a new law and people willing to follow this law. We have added the 19th Amendment which allowed women to vote but we have never added any specific laws that says we have to treat the two genders equally. We need to add an amendment that says you cannot discriminate by gender in any way, shape, or form. The punishment for not following this would be the same as it is for discriminating by race. People are fined or jailed for discrimination and if they aren’t people can take them to supreme court in extreme cases. There is no need for false claims or lies. We can create a society where there is not even a question about gender equality. The man is equal to the women and vice versa.

 

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Third-Wave Feminism